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In the last couple of years, over 64 million Americans have tried CBD, in some form or another. 22% of users said that CBD helped them replace or supplement their over-the-counter or prescription drugs.

From lattes to muffins to pure CBD oil, you can purchase and enjoy the benefits of CBD almost anywhere.

Researchers expect CBD sales to grow at an average of 107% every year through 2023. 

Having so many options can be overwhelming for both first-time consumers and CBD veterans. If you’d like to learn more about how to buy CBD oil online and what to look for, keep reading!

What Is CBD Oil?

CBD, also known as cannabidiol, is a compound found in cannabis plants. It’s a type of cannabinoid, just like THC, and there are over 100 cannabinoids found in cannabis plants.

The difference is that CBD doesn’t have psychoactive effects like THC. In other words, it won’t get you “high.”

CBD oil comes from cannabis plants. There’s a much higher percentage of CBD in hemp plants than other cannabis plants, which is why most CBD oil comes from hemp plants.

CBD oil is different than hemp oil, though. When people buy hemp oil, it’s an oil extracted from the seeds of the hemp plant. There are no cannabinoids in hemp oil.

Hemp oil is in a myriad of products, from salad dressings to shampoos and face creams.

CBD oil comes in different forms and can help with a variety of ailments, from trouble sleeping to muscle pain, or anxiety and depression.

How to Make CBD Oil 

There are several different extraction methods for making CBD oil. They each boast their benefits and differ in popularity. One of the most popular extraction methods is Carbon Dioxide (CO2).

Carbon Dioxide

CO2 has unique properties that enable it to function in liquid, gas, and solid states of matter. For the extraction process using CO2, closed-loop extractors are the most commonly used.

The process begins with a solid piece of CO2. It gets pumped into a second chamber that contains cannabis material.

The CO2 remains in a liquid-like state because of the specific pressure applied in the chamber. As a liquid, it absorbs the flavors of the plant and the oils.

Lastly, the CO2 mixture containing CBD gets pumped into a 3rd chamber. Here the CO2 becomes a gas state, where it leaves behind the flavors and oils from the plant. 

Oil Infusion

Oil infusion is one of the oldest extraction techniques. It’s also the easiest method for at-home growers. 

First, the plant material must be decarboxylated. It must reach a specific temperature to activate CBD and any other compounds of the plant. 

Then, it gets added to a carrier oil, such as olive oil, and heated for 1 to 2 hours.

Liquid Solvents

CO2 isn’t the only liquid used to absorb CBD from the cannabis plant. Substances like ethanol, hexane, butane, and isopropyl alcohol are all used in similar ways as the CO2 process.

Liquid solvent extraction is less expensive, though. Plus, certain solvents can carry chlorophyll or impurities from the plant, which can add a bitter taste and a greenish tinge to the oil.

Adjusting the extraction process, however, can help to minimize these risks.

Distillation

Many growers and producers want to refine their oil even further. This process is called short path distillation. 

Different compounds in CBD oil have different boiling points. If someone wants to obtain the purest CBD oil, they can boil off the other compounds with lower boiling points than the actual oil.

The process begins by slowly heating the CBD mixture until those extraneous substances start to boil off. The vapors then travel through a distillation tube. They reach cooling coils and then condense.

From here, they drip down into a collection container and, the process repeats itself until all that’s left is pure CBD oil.

Winterization

Winterization is an essential step in harvesting high-quality, pure CBD oil. It removes any undesirable substances so that all that’s left is pure CBD. 

Winterization occurs only during the extraction of CBD isolate, not full-spectrum CBD. 

When the oil gets extracted, it gets combined with 200-proof alcohol and frozen overnight. The next day, it gets run through a filter that can remove other compounds and fats. Once the CBD oil is pure, extractors then heat the mixture again to alcohol’s boiling point and boil off the alcohol.

What Does Full-Spectrum CBD Oil Mean?

There are 3 different types of CBD oil: full-spectrum, CBD isolate, and broad-spectrum. 

In general, isolates are the purest forms of compounds. They are produced by singularly extracting a particular compound from its original environment. Then, it’s isolated from all the other compounds.

Thus, CBD isolate is the purest form of CBD. It’s produced by removing all the other compounds found in cannabis plants, including other cannabinoids, flavanoids, terpenes, and plant parts.

Typically, CBD isolate is extracted from hemp, because it has a low to non-existent THC percentage.

Full-spectrum CBD is quite the opposite as it contains all the naturally-occurring compounds found in cannabis plants, including essential oils, flavanoids, terpenes, and other cannabinoids.

All the compounds work together to create what many people refer to as the “entourage effect.” The entourage effect refers to the therapeutic benefits of individual cannabinoids, all working together to provide full-spectrum relief or effect to the user.

Broad-spectrum CBD is a mix between CBD isolate and full-spectrum CBD.

In broad-spectrum CBD oil, all the other compounds found within the cannabis plant are preserved in the extraction process, with the exception of THC.

THC is completely removed and is the only cannabinoid guaranteed to be absent from broad-spectrum CBD products.

What to Look for When Buying CBD Oil

Many people who look to CBD oil for relief, don’t want THC in anything they consume or use on their bodies. Much of this is due to drug tests at work and not wanting to risk a positive THC presence.

However, many users want to reap the benefits of CBD without putting THC in or on their bodies.

If you’re looking for CBD oil and you want to make sure it doesn’t contain ANY THC, make sure you buy products that are high-quality, THC-FREE, lab-tested, and pharmaceutical grade.

If you want to make sure your CBD purchase is without THC, look for lab-tested guarantees and only products labeled as broad-spectrum CBD or CBD isolate.

Find out what cultivation practices are used too. Where was the hemp sourced? Is it cultivated without the use of pesticides and other harmful chemicals?

What extraction method was used to make the CBD oil, and if there were any contaminates, were they removed?

Why Lab-Testing Is Important

Any CBD product you buy should be tested by a 3rd-party laboratory. If it has been tested, then it means that lab reports should be readily available either by request or on the company website.

If you can’t find any lab reports, it could mean that the product you’re purchasing doesn’t contain the stated amount of CBD. 

It could also mean that the product contains harmful contaminants that were never removed during the extraction process.

That’s not to say that a CBD manufacturer can’t make an excellent product without 3rd-party lab testing, but it is to say that you can’t be sure without proof of those reports.

When you shop for CBD oil, look for a Certificate of Analysis or lab report on the company website.

Some companies only provide their reports upon a formal request or after you purchase their products, but they should be available in some form or another. 

Check for Additional Ingredients

Check all product ingredients lists, too. What additional ingredients are in the product?

If there are plenty of fillers or unknown ingredients, you may want to question the product.

However, additional ingredients in CBD pet treats, edibles, and certain oils can also be product enhancers. Melatonin, for example, is commonly used in CBD sleep capsules. Vitamin B12 is also found in certain CBD pain relief products.

If you’re unsure, google any ingredients you want to clarify before you settle on a purchase. 

Buy the Best CBD Oil for Your Needs

CBD oil has changed the lives of many people and pets alike, all over the world. Scientists and researchers continue to uncover the many potential benefits of CBD and other cannabinoids and compounds found in cannabis plants.

Whether you suffer from insomnia or anxiety, or you have back or neck pain, there are many ways in which CBD oil could help alleviate those ailments.

Plus, pets love it, too! Many pets suffer from social anxiety, joint pain, or restless REM sleep. CBD could help alleviate those ailments in dogs and other pets.

Do you want to ensure you make the best choice when buying CBD oil online? You can shop our high-quality, THC-FREE, organic, lab-tested products here!

Are there questions or concerns you’d like to address, or would you like help finding a product that’ll work for you? Contact us with any questions you have!

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